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Ch. 4 Immigration

1. The most important force causing people to emigrate has been
a. war.
b. political repression.
c. economic.
d. religion.

ANSWER:


2.About __________ of the U.S. population today is foreign-born.
a. 25%
b. 12%
c. 40%
d. 65%

ANSWER:


3. Fear or hatred of strangers is
a. stigmata.
b. nativism.
c. xenophobia.
d. abolitionism.

ANSWER:


4. Border deaths along the U.S.-Mexico border number in the __________ each year, equivalent to an annual jumbo jet crash, in the words of one reporter.
a. thousands
b. dozens
c. millions
d. hundreds

ANSWER:


5. A program designed to allow students to learn academic concepts in their native language while they learn a second language is
a. dual-lingual education
b. bilingual education
c. tri-lingual education
d. multicultural education

ANSWER:


6. Under the provisions of the national origins system, who among the following would find it easiest to legally enter the United States?
a. a citizen of Mexico
b. a British laborer
c. a Greek physician
d. the Italian-born mother of an American citizen

ANSWER:


7. The act of conferring citizenship on a person after birth is called
a. naturalization.
b. de facto citizenship.
c. residential citizenship.
d. nativism.

ANSWER:


8. Which term refers to the immigration to the United States of skilled workers, professionals, and technicians who are desperately needed by their home countries?
a. population explosion
b. brain drain
c. undocumented workers
d. national origins

ANSWER:


9. White men who were ex-convicts were found to be __________, according to research conducting by sociologist Devah Pager.
a. more likely than Black men with clean records to be asked back after a job interview
b. less likely to find housing than poor Black families
c. less likely than Black men with clean records to be asked back after a job interview
d. more likely to find housing than poor Black families

ANSWER:


10. The practice of locating landfills near minority neighborhoods exemplifies
a. environmental justice.
b. housing discrimination.
c. environmental racism.
d. fair housing policy.

ANSWER:


11. By 2004, when physicians were no longer favored with entry to the U.S., physicians in the Philippines were retraining as __________ so they could immigrate to the U.S.
a. lab technicians
b. lawyers
c. computer programmers
d. nurses

ANSWER:


12. The perspective most likely to see the brain drain as a symptom of the unequal distribution of world resources is
a. functionalist
b. interactionist
c. conflict
d. exchange

ANSWER:


13.The best available information suggests that __________ illegal immigrants live in the United States.
a. more than 11 million
b. somewhat over 3 million
c. more than 20 million
d. less than 400,000

ANSWER:


14. Based on the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act
a. illegal immigrants will have access to Social Security as long as their income is taxed.
b. illegal immigration is officially tolerated since the U.S. needs the labor.
c. illegal immigrants can legally obtain welfare to supplement low wages.
d. only legal immigrants are entitled to welfare and social security benefits.

ANSWER:


15. From a (an) __________ perspective, by paying low wages to illegal immigrants, employers are able to produce goods and services that are profitable and affordable.
a. conflict
b. interactionist
c. exchange
d. functionalist

ANSWER:


16. Immigration
a. may be a drain on community resources.
b. may create unwanted competition for jobs.
c. can revitalize a local economy.
d. all of these

ANSWER:


17. Second-generation immigrants (children of immigrant parents) are doing as well or better than White non-Hispanic citizens in
a. educational attainment.
b. labor force participation.
c. household income.
d. all of these

ANSWER:


18. The monies that immigrants return to their country of origin are called
a. exports.
b. international cash flow.
c. remittances.
d. money outflow

ANSWER:


19. Refugee status is often granted to people fleeing from
a. poverty and political persecution.
b. neither poverty nor political persecution.
c. political persecution but not poverty.
d. poverty but not political persecution

ANSWER:


20. Foreigners who have already entered the U.S. and now seek protection because of persecution are called
a. refugees.
b. asylees.
c. transnationals.
d. political prisoners

ANSWER:


21. Haitian refugees are returned to their country without asylum hearings because
a. they have been viewed as political refugees.
b. the United Nations refugee treaty was never ratified by the U.S.
c. they have been viewed as economic refugees.
d. there are no Haitian communities in the U.S.

ANSWER:


22. What is nativism?
a. the fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners
b. beliefs and policies favoring native born citizens over immigrants
c. the belief that your culture is superior to others
d. the belief that members of other races are biologically and socially inferior

ANSWER:


23. Which of the following statements about early immigration in the U.S. is true?
a. Roman Catholics were viewed with suspicion.
b. Labor unions excluded Chinese workers.
c. Native born residents thought that too many Italians were immigrating.
d. all of these

ANSWER:


24. Which cities have the most foreign born residents?
a. Los Angeles, New York, San Jose
b. Atlanta, Raleigh, Charleston
c. Minneapolis, Chicago, Indianapolis
d. Seattle, Portland, Boise

ANSWER:


25. Most legal immigrants come to the U.S. to
a. take highly skilled jobs.
b. join their families.
c. seek asylum from persecution.
d. take menial jobs that would otherwise go to the native born poor and working class.

ANSWER:

 


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